Pastry Varieties To Try Making At Home


As the year starts to wind down, we can begin to fill our time with family-based activities. Some, like to decorate gingerbread houses together. Others, try their hand at festive crafts. And, the rest? Well, they’re ready to bake something new. If you fall into that category then you’re going to love today’s blog all about pastry and its many varieties. Plus, we share some tips on how to make them in your own kitchen!

What is Pastry?

Pastry is a dough made of flour, water and shortening (solid fats including butter or lard). It may be savoury or sweetened. Common dishes include pies, tarts, quiches, croissants, and pasties. The tradition of making dates back to the Mediterranean in the ancient times of Romans, Greeks, and Phoenicians. However, the first recipe didn’t appear until the mid-16th century.

Pastry dough has a flaky or crumbly texture and therefore differentiates from bread by having a higher fat content. A good baked dough is light, airy, and fatty, but firm enough to support the weight of the filling. Essentially, it gets its characteristic texture and flavour from the wonderful world of cooking chemistry.

The Science

Different kinds of pastries utilise the natural characteristics of wheat flour and certain fats. Like with making bread, when flour mixes with water into a plain dough, it develops strands of gluten. Thus, allowing the bread to be tough and elastic.

However, this is not the desired outcome of pastry-making. So, we add fat or oil to slow down the development of gluten. Lard or suet have a coarse crystalline structure which is very effective. Or, clarified butter or ghee is virtually water-free and creates a thin layer between the grains when its melts.

This is what allows the various types of pastries to exist. Let’s discover what those are!

The Various Varieties

A pastry comes in all shapes, sizes and textures. Check out our non-exhaustive, and some tips on how to make each type.

Which pastry will your try your hand at?

About the Author

Lydia B.

Lydia B.

Lydia B. is a Marketing Coordinator and Music Club Coach for Gooroo, a tutoring membership that matches students to tutors perfect for them based on their unique learning needs. Gooroo offers Math, English, SAT, Coding, Spanish tutoring, and more.