Beans: Good For the Heart In All Varieties

beans

Participating in veganuary this year? But, struggling to get the right nutrients from your food? Then, look no further than this blog as we explore natures nuggets of protein and carbohydrates. We mean, of course, beans! Join us as we explore the history and cultivation of these food sources. Additionally, we investigate the many varieties and types they come in!

What are Beans?

Beans are seeds from flowering plants. They function as vegetables for human or animal food. Especially, because they cook in many different ways including: boiling, frying, and baking. Many different traditional dishes throughout the world utilise them for their taste and nutritional value. This is due to their easy harvest and, thus, cheap cost.

Growing

Unlike it’s close cousin, the pea, beans need warm temperatures to grow. They don’t, however, require as much fertiliser as most plants. From planting to harvest, the seed’s maturity typically is 55-60 days and changes it exterior from green to their mature colour.

Like peas, they grow in pods and require external support for their vines. Thus resulting in Native Americans growing these legumes alongside crops like corn and squash. The tall cornstalks acted as this needed support.

Value and Nutrition

Beans are one of the longest-cultivated plants. This is because they are wild and improved their form early. The seeds we know today grew in Thailand from the 7th century BCE. Ultimately, their popularity came from being an important source or protein throughout Old and New World history. This is still the case today.

These legumes are high in protein, complex carbohydrates, folate (a B vitamin), and iron. Additionally, they have significant amounts of fibre and soluble fibre. The latter of which helps to lower blood cholesterol.

However, like all foods, they must be eaten in moderation. First, because they contain antinutrients that inhibit some enzyme processes in the body. Secondly, they contain toxins that must be removed by brining the bean to a boil. Fermentation is also an excellent method for this necessity. In short, beans must be cooked before they are consumed!

Types and Varieties

There are countless varieties of beans. Check out some of the healthiest and how to eat them!

About the Author

Lydia B.

Lydia B.

Lydia B. is a Marketing Coordinator and Music Club Coach for Gooroo Clubs. Don't let after-school be an afterthought - join Gooroo's online platform centred around hands-on project-based learning!